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Sheepmeat Council : Sheepmeat 2013
SHEEPMEAT COUNCIL OF AUSTRALIA ANNUAL MUSTER 2013 29 The Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority Evaluating the safety and performance of chemicals used in Australia is vital to ensure that the health and safety of people, animals, crops and the environment are protected and that Australia's trade with other countries is not jeopardised. For the past 20 years the work of the APVMA has supported primary industries -- agriculture, forestry, horticulture and aquaculture -- by allowing the supply of safe, effective animal health and crop protection products. Its work also supports consumers by ensuring that household and garden pesticides and pet products are safe and effective. Ensuring the safety of new products There are more than 10,200 different pesticide or veterinary medicine products on the Australian market. The APVMA conducts risk-based, scientific evaluations to approve new products and uses. Registrations and approvals are only granted if the evidence indicates that these chemicals can be used safely and effectively. This year has seen a large number of approvals and registrations for new pesticides and veterinary medicines and major extensions of use. These new products have significantly expanded the range of products available for farmers and veterinary practitioners to reduce pests and to prevent and treat disease. Monitoring registered and unregistered products The APVMA also licenses and audits manufacturers to ensure adherence to Australian manufacturing standards; and reviews and takes regulatory action on registered pesticides and veterinary medicines when concerns are identified. They also monitor the market for unregistered products, supply of restricted products to unauthorised users, unapproved labels, unfounded claims in advertising or other media, or active constituents that do not conform to Australian standards. The APVMA encourages industry and the public to report potential problems with pesticides or veterinary medicines. An interactive website is available to report concerns (www.apvma.gov.au/use_safely/ adverse/index.php). This year the APVMA has reviewed 2,4-D high volatile esters, carbaryl, carbendazim, dichlorvos, dimethoate, diuron, fenamiphos, fenthion, fipronil and molinate. It has also investigated the links between pesticides and Parkinson's disease, and neonicotinoid insecticides and their effect on bees. It also acted in response to detection of unregistered products, poor quality registered products, lapsed registrations and unregistered products. These actions included stopping unregistered veterinary chemicals being sold through online stores; prosecution of a company on matters related to the supply of marine antifouling products; 'stop supply' and 'voluntary recalls' for trifluralin herbicides from China; and a recall notice for a dangerous 'black salve' product being used illegally for cancer treatment. Export slaughter interval The export slaughter interval (ESI) shown on the label of a chemical product indicates the minimum permissible time between treatment or exposure of livestock to the product and slaughter of the livestock for export. ESIs are a vital tool to manage risks to trade associated with agricultural and veterinary chemical use. Australian maximum residue limits are set based on a comprehensive scientific assessment of the health implications for each chemical substance. However, the limits imposed by some of our major export markets on some chemical residues are lower than we allow in Australia, and we must take care not to exceed these lower levels in products that we export. The ESI is set so that levels of residues in exported product will meet the toughest regulatory standard of our major export markets. Most recently registered agricultural and veterinary chemicals will display an ESI on the product label. Every farmer can contribute to the security of our export industries by following ESIs on labels. Following the ESI reduces the likelihood of trade disruption due to residue incidents in exported product, and enhances trading partners' confidence in Australia's residue management systems and in the quality and safety of our products. For further information www.apvma.gov.au The Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority (APVMA) is responsible for assessing and registering pesticide and veterinary medicine products for supply and use in Australia.